Saturday, August 31, 2019
There are many ways through which a business can go online. This paper examines a few of the online business models and helps find out which among these business models best suits Ã¢â¬Å"Grandmas TreatsÃ¢â¬ . Site types While there are many different types of online business models, there are three most common ones viz. auction, portal and storefront. Ã¢â¬Å"Auction models are those in which the participants bid for products or services over the internet. The auction sites sometimes do not own the products on its site, but facilitates the process of listing and displaying goods as an affiliateÃ¢â¬ (Kinsler, 2009) Commissions are the main source of revenue in the auction business model. Advertising also forms a small portion of the revenue. In a portal business model, the so called portal website is like a gateway to the customers to various online stores. It provides personalized information to the users. A major portion of revenue in such a model is usually from personalized advertising. Ã¢â¬Å"The store front business model is a shopping location that customers can browse and shop from the comfort of their homes, and where businesses can advertise their products and services for a fraction of the cost of brick and mortar businessesÃ¢â¬ (Kinsler, 2009) The store front shop can reach its customer either directly or through the portals such as Yahoo or Google. The store front business model is best suited for individual businesses which provide a unique product offering. Companies that use these business models Portal business model Ã¢â¬â Yahoo According to Deitel and Deitel: Sites such as yahoo. com provide users with a shopping page that links them to thousands of sites carrying a variety of productsÃ¢â¬ ¦ Yahoo! provides consumer with shopping-cart capabilitiesÃ¢â¬ ¦ To improve the quality of its web searching capabilities, Yahoo! as partnered with Google. com search engineÃ¢â¬ ¦ Yahoo! is made more attractive for the userÃ¢â¬ ¦ As this model needs the user to register, the web page that opens after registration is a personalized one based on the information provided by the users. (Deitel and Deitel, 2000) Thus YahooÃ¢â¬â¢s portal model is convenient for customers who need to shop a variety of similar or dissimilar produc ts. Say when a consumer is done shopping and is ready to check out, he can purchase all their items through the single portal (Yahoo! ) rather than purchasing at each store. This simplifies the purchasing process and provides convenience to the customer. Auction business model Ã¢â¬â eBay Another type of business model is the auction model. Such websites act as forums through which internet users can be either a seller or bidder. Online auction off late has become a very popular and successful method of e-commerce. The leading company in this business is e-bay. It is one of the most profitable businesses. On eBay people are able to buy and sell almost everything. eBay has spawned a number of businesses that use the site as their means of selling products. The main advantage that e-bay offers is that there are no overhead or upfront costs. The seller can sell his product without incurring any high costs as he does not need sales staff or distributors. There is also no need of any initial investment and most importantly the seller gets access to millions of online auctions from buying customers. And hence it has become a forum where there are no geographical constraints. Bidders and sellers from all over the world can come together and moreover there is no need to ship the products to a central location which reduces the costs and the sellerÃ¢â¬â¢s minimum acceptable price. Many businesses would prefer eBay as they can avoid losses on sale of items by setting the minimum bid price high enough to cover their cost. Advantages Yahoo which uses the portal business model has a lot advantages over its competitors. Many of the websites are viewed by the users mainly through the portals (through yahoo search, yahoo shopping etcÃ¢â¬ ¦) thus Yahoo can leverage this to generate revenues. Similarly eBay offers many of the businesses a platform to showcase their products in its site. Thus it could generate revenues by charging those businesses which benefit by utilizing the eBay auction system. Business model for Ã¢â¬Å"Grandmas TreatsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Grandmas TreatsÃ¢â¬ has a specialty product i. e. low sugar bakery products which it needs to make available to its customers through the World Wide Web. Since Grandmas Treats has a unique product which it needs to take to its customers, it would be appropriate for it to make use of the storefront business model. It could also make use of the internet portals such as Yahoo or Google to direct more customers to its website. Would dynamic pricing apply for Ã¢â¬Å"Grandmas TreatsÃ¢â¬ ? Grandmas TreatsÃ¢â¬â¢ core product is low sugar baked products. The target customers for Grandmas Treats would be those who are calorie conscious and those who are with specific ailments such as diabetes. These customers usually prefer a low sugar food product as compared to the normal food products. Hence Grandmas Treats could expect to have more or less constant demand for its product in the market. Therefore Ã¢â¬Å"Grandmas TreatsÃ¢â¬ need not have to use dynamic pricing.
Friday, August 30, 2019
InÃ thisÃ world,Ã childrenÃ existÃ withÃ exceptionalÃ behaviors.Ã TheirÃ behaviorÃ isÃ hardÃ toÃ acceptÃ forÃ theÃ society.Ã TeachersÃ playÃ aÃ veryÃ vitalÃ roleÃ inÃ makingÃ themÃ educated.Ã FirstÃ ofÃ allÃ teacherÃ shouldÃ beÃ trainedÃ toÃ workÃ inÃ the Ã schoolÃ whereÃ thereÃ areÃ childrenÃ withÃ exceptionalities.Ã SometimesÃ itÃ becomesÃ veryÃ hardÃ forÃ theÃ teacherÃ toÃ reactÃ inÃ aÃ rightÃ mannerÃ whenÃ theyÃ teach.Ã TheÃ studentsÃ withÃ behavioralÃ issuesÃ needsÃ extraÃ ofÃ teachingÃ andÃ attention. TheÃ smallÃ classesÃ wouldÃ helpÃ aÃ lotÃ inÃ teachingÃ themÃ effectively.Ã AlsoÃ thereÃ mustÃ beÃ aÃ roomÃ forÃ visitingÃ facultyÃ toÃ comeÃ andÃ takeÃ extraÃ sessions.Ã ThisÃ notÃ onlyÃ comesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ beneficialÃ forÃ childrenÃ butÃ alsoÃ isÃ aÃ helpÃ toÃ theÃ teachers.Ã ThereÃ couldÃ beÃ aÃ newÃ techniqueÃ ofÃ teachingÃ orÃ handlingÃ theÃ studentsÃ andÃ couldÃ beÃ advantageous.Ã TheÃ visitingÃ facultyÃ provesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ changeÃ forÃ theÃ students. TheÃ goodÃ teacherÃ is,Ã whoÃ emphasizeÃ onÃ child'sÃ abilityÃ notÃ disability.Ã TheÃ disabilityÃ mustÃ beÃ removedÃ butÃ withoutÃ depressingÃ aÃ child.Ã AÃ childÃ mustÃ knowÃ aboutÃ hisÃ disabilities,Ã butÃ heÃ mustÃ alsoÃ thatÃ heÃ hasÃ abilitiesÃ whichÃ areÃ moreÃ inÃ numberÃ thanÃ hisÃ disabilities.Ã AÃ teacherÃ mustÃ teachÃ withÃ aÃ mentalityÃ thatÃ everyÃ childÃ hasÃ someÃ incapacities.Ã TeacherÃ shouldÃ helpÃ aÃ childÃ inÃ bringingÃ upÃ hisÃ abilitiesÃ andÃ shouldÃ curbÃ theÃ disabilitiesÃ silently.Ã ExpectationsÃ shouldÃ beÃ high,Ã becauseÃ everyÃ childÃ canÃ achieveÃ someÃ positionÃ inÃ aÃ societyÃ accordingÃ toÃ hisÃ potential,Ã butÃ thisÃ needsÃ assistance. EnvironmentÃ ofÃ classÃ shouldÃ beÃ positiveÃ andÃ Ã friendly.Ã ThisÃ dependsÃ onÃ aÃ teacherÃ thatÃ howÃ sheÃ maintainÃ theÃ environment.Ã BecauseÃ theÃ positiveÃ environmentÃ boostÃ theÃ learningÃ capabilitiesÃ ofÃ aÃ child.Ã AlsoÃ theÃ behaviorÃ ofÃ aÃ childÃ dependsÃ onÃ hisÃ surroundings.Ã IfÃ aÃ childÃ feelsÃ threatenedÃ byÃ somethingÃ thenÃ itÃ isÃ obviousÃ thatÃ hisÃ behaviorÃ would Ã change.Ã SometimesÃ itÃ becomeÃ veryÃ importantÃ forÃ aÃ teacherÃ toÃ knowÃ aboutÃ child'sÃ likesÃ andÃ dislikes. EveryÃ childÃ hasÃ anÃ individualÃ goal,Ã soÃ fromÃ timeÃ toÃ timeÃ teachersÃ shouldÃ keepÃ themselvesÃ updatedÃ thatÃ howÃ farÃ heÃ hasÃ progressed.Ã TheÃ gradeÃ doesÃ notÃ tellÃ everythingÃ aboutÃ whatÃ theÃ childÃ hasÃ learnedÃ soÃ far.Ã TheÃ emphasisÃ onÃ gradeÃ shouldÃ beÃ low.Ã TeacherÃ shouldÃ knowÃ whatÃ heÃ hasÃ learnedÃ soÃ farÃ orÃ inÃ whichÃ fieldÃ isÃ heÃ lackingÃ behind. ThisÃ alsoÃ boostsÃ upÃ theÃ confidenceÃ of aÃ child. TheÃ wholeÃ learningÃ processÃ makesÃ aÃ childÃ tired.Ã ThisÃ notÃ onlyÃ effectsÃ theirÃ learningÃ abilitiesÃ butÃ alsoÃ distractsÃ them.Ã ThereforeÃ aÃ teacherÃ shouldÃ employÃ properÃ techniquesÃ forÃ relaxingÃ inÃ aÃ class.Ã AÃ childÃ withÃ attentionÃ disorderÃ getsÃ mentallyÃ tiredÃ soon.Ã ThereÃ shouldÃ beÃ properÃ relaxingÃ techniquesÃ likeÃ listeningÃ toÃ softÃ musicÃ orÃ playingÃ games.Ã PlayingÃ gamesÃ notÃ onlyÃ easeÃ aÃ childÃ butÃ alsoÃ keepsÃ themÃ healthy. TheÃ firstÃ thingÃ aÃ childÃ shouldÃ Ã learnÃ isÃ toÃ takeÃ careÃ ofÃ himself.Ã TheyÃ shouldÃ beÃ madeÃ selfÃ dependent.Ã Taking,Ã basicÃ exampleÃ aÃ childÃ mustÃ learnÃ toÃ tieÃ hisÃ shoeÃ laces.Ã TheÃ dependentÃ childÃ alwaysÃ hasÃ aÃ lowÃ confidenceÃ level.Ã ThereÃ mustÃ beÃ shortÃ extraÃ sessionsÃ toÃ teachÃ theÃ students,Ã howÃ toÃ takeÃ careÃ ofÃ themselves,Ã orÃ howÃ toÃ beÃ moreÃ organized. ThereÃ shouldÃ beÃ alsoÃ beÃ sessionsÃ toÃ preventÃ behaviorÃ issues.Ã SometimesÃ teacherÃ takesÃ aÃ childÃ asÃ aÃ normalÃ child,Ã sheÃ doesÃ notÃ layÃ stressÃ onÃ theÃ behaviorÃ problems.Ã ButÃ sheÃ doesÃ notÃ knowÃ thatÃ theÃ lackÃ ofÃ attentionÃ byÃ aÃ teacherÃ encouragesÃ theÃ problemÃ inÃ aÃ child. ButÃ sometimesÃ theseÃ sessionÃ provesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ futileÃ asÃ studentsÃ continuesÃ toÃ misbehave,Ã thenÃ itÃ isÃ necessaryÃ toÃ knowÃ thatÃ theyÃ areÃ misbehavingÃ becauseÃ ofÃ theseÃ sessions.Ã BecauseÃ theÃ sessionsÃ doesÃ notÃ fitÃ toÃ theirÃ needsÃ every time,Ã andÃ theyÃ waitÃ forÃ someoneÃ whoÃ canÃ helpÃ themÃ inÃ personal. InÃ caseÃ ofÃ higherÃ educationÃ thereÃ areÃ manyÃ facultiesÃ whoÃ areÃ takingÃ aÃ singleÃ class.Ã TheÃ coordinationÃ betweenÃ theseÃ facultiesÃ isÃ aÃ mustÃ soÃ thatÃ theÃ studentsÃ doesÃ notÃ getÃ confusedÃ between Ã allÃ theÃ faculties.Ã AÃ teacherÃ hasÃ itsÃ ownÃ styleÃ ofÃ teachingÃ andÃ ifÃ anotherÃ teacherÃ comesÃ andÃ teachesÃ themÃ inÃ totallyÃ differentÃ styleÃ itÃ becomesÃ hardÃ forÃ theÃ studentsÃ toÃ know,Ã whichÃ oneÃ theyÃ shouldÃ follow.Ã ThereforeÃ all Ã theÃ facultiesÃ teachingÃ aÃ particularÃ classÃ shouldÃ knowÃ aboutÃ eachÃ otherÃ teachingÃ styles,Ã itÃ becomesÃ easyÃ forÃ aÃ studentÃ toÃ learn. TeacherÃ shouldÃ makeÃ sureÃ theÃ behavioralÃ improvementsÃ andÃ achievementsÃ generalizeÃ toÃ otherÃ situations.Ã TheyÃ shouldÃ makeÃ sureÃ thatÃ whatÃ theyÃ teachÃ shouldÃ applyÃ inÃ mostÃ ofÃ theÃ realÃ worldÃ situations.Ã TheÃ generalizedÃ teachingsÃ provesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ moreÃ beneficialÃ toÃ theÃ students,Ã as theyÃ comeÃ toÃ knowÃ theÃ particularÃ thing Ã thatÃ theyÃ haveÃ learnedÃ canÃ applyÃ inÃ theÃ mostÃ ofÃ theÃ problems.Ã ThisÃ typeÃ ofÃ teachingÃ methodÃ provesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ veryÃ beneficialÃ becauseÃ studentsÃ canÃ learnÃ moreÃ thingsÃ withÃ lessÃ stressÃ onÃ theirÃ brains. StudentsÃ shouldÃ learnÃ toÃ socializeÃ withÃ otherÃ studentsÃ whoÃ mayÃ orÃ mayÃ notÃ beÃ disableÃ likeÃ them.Ã TheÃ interactionÃ withÃ otherÃ studentsÃ shouldÃ beÃ startedÃ atÃ theÃ beginningÃ ofÃ theirÃ year.Ã TheirÃ shouldÃ beÃ learningÃ centersÃ thatÃ promoteÃ socialÃ interactionÃ forÃ theseÃ childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s.Ã NecessaryÃ socialÃ skillsÃ shouldÃ beÃ taughtÃ inÃ theÃ learningÃ centers.Ã IfÃ theÃ schoolÃ isÃ findingÃ itÃ difficultÃ toÃ startÃ learningÃ centersÃ thenÃ skillsÃ shouldÃ beÃ taughtÃ inÃ theÃ lunchÃ timeÃ orÃ inÃ theÃ freeÃ period. LiteratureÃ Review:- TeachingÃ strategiesÃ forÃ attentionÃ deficitÃ hyperactivityÃ disorder:Ã¢â¬â UnableÃ toÃ payÃ attention,Ã hyperactivity,Ã impulsiveÃ areÃ theÃ signsÃ ofÃ ADHD.Ã ThereÃ areÃ aboutÃ threeÃ toÃ fiveÃ percentÃ ofÃ theÃ students Ã inÃ UnitedÃ StatesÃ whoÃ areÃ sufferingÃ fromÃ ADHDÃ (Ã American Psychiatric Association, 1994Ã ).Ã TheÃ studentsÃ sufferingÃ fromÃ ADHDÃ failÃ toÃ finishÃ theirÃ homeworkÃ andÃ areÃ careless.Ã OlderÃ studentsÃ withÃ ADHDÃ areÃ lessÃ communicativeÃ andÃ reactÃ spontaneously.Ã TheÃ mainÃ symptomsÃ are:Ã¢â¬â 1)Ã Restlessness 2)Ã UnableÃ toÃ concentrate 3)Ã DifficultyÃ inÃ followingÃ instructions 4)Ã LosingÃ things 5)Ã DoingÃ littleÃ mistakes 6)Ã GreatÃ dealÃ ofÃ moodÃ swings TeacherÃ shouldÃ startÃ withÃ evaluatingÃ theÃ child'sÃ needsÃ andÃ strengths.Ã TheÃ assessmentÃ shouldÃ beÃ doneÃ onÃ theÃ behaviorÃ andÃ academicÃ needs.Ã AfterÃ evaluatingÃ allÃ theirÃ needsÃ appropriateÃ practiceÃ shouldÃ beÃ chose.Ã TheÃ selectedÃ practiceÃ shouldÃ gainÃ theÃ attentionÃ ofÃ theÃ childÃ andÃ isÃ appropriateÃ toÃ theirÃ age.Ã ItÃ shouldÃ beÃ keptÃ inÃ mindÃ thatÃ theÃ practiceÃ thatÃ isÃ selectedÃ shouldÃ beÃ aÃ additionalÃ benefitÃ toÃ theÃ studentsÃ whoÃ doÃ notÃ haveÃ ADHD.Ã AfterÃ selectingÃ allÃ theÃ practicesÃ theyÃ mustÃ beÃ wrappedÃ upÃ inÃ aÃ singleÃ program. AfterÃ theÃ conclusionÃ ofÃ eachÃ Ã lessonÃ theÃ selectedÃ practiceÃ shouldÃ achieveÃ itsÃ goal.Ã TheÃ lessonsÃ mustÃ beÃ presentedÃ inÃ aÃ differentÃ manner.Ã TeacherÃ shouldÃ prepareÃ theÃ lessonÃ andÃ theÃ activitiesÃ plannedÃ inÃ advance.Ã TheÃ reviewÃ ofÃ theÃ previousÃ lessonsÃ alsoÃ provesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ beneficialÃ forÃ theÃ students.Ã TeacherÃ mustÃ identifyÃ allÃ theÃ materialsÃ neededÃ inÃ theÃ classroom,Ã becauseÃ sometimesÃ itÃ becomesÃ veryÃ difficultÃ forÃ theÃ childrenÃ toÃ identifyÃ theÃ materialsÃ onÃ theirÃ own. ItÃ isÃ veryÃ hardÃ forÃ theÃ studentsÃ withÃ ADHDÃ toÃ changeÃ fromÃ oneÃ topicÃ toÃ another.Ã ThereforeÃ revisionÃ ofÃ theÃ previousÃ lectureÃ isÃ aÃ must.Ã TheÃ useÃ ofÃ audiovisualÃ materialsÃ helpsÃ theÃ studentsÃ aÃ lot. DescribeÃ howÃ studentsÃ can identifyÃ andÃ correctÃ theirÃ ownÃ mistakes.Ã ForÃ example,Ã remindÃ studentsÃ thatÃ theyÃ shouldÃ checkÃ theirÃ calculationsÃ in mathÃ problemsÃ andÃ reiterate howÃ theyÃ canÃ check theirÃ calculations;Ã remindÃ studentsÃ ofÃ particularlyÃ difficultÃ Ã spelling rulesÃ andÃ howÃ studentsÃ canÃ watchÃ outÃ forÃ easy- to Ã¢â¬â makeÃ errors. IfÃ theÃ teacherÃ triesÃ toÃ lowerÃ theÃ noiseÃ levelÃ inÃ theÃ classroomÃ itÃ helpsÃ aÃ childÃ inÃ maintainingÃ hisÃ focus. TeachingÃ strategiesÃ forÃ studentsÃ withÃ emotionalÃ behavioralÃ disorder:- ForÃ teachingÃ theÃ studentsÃ withÃ EBDÃ teacherÃ shouldÃ encourageÃ theÃ positiveÃ learningÃ techniques.Ã TheÃ objectivesÃ ofÃ theÃ lessonÃ shouldÃ beÃ presentedÃ beforeÃ whichÃ helpsÃ inÃ predictability.Ã TheÃ presentationÃ shouldÃ beÃ exciting,Ã andÃ ifÃ theÃ studentsÃ performsÃ wellÃ heÃ shouldÃ beÃ given rewards.Ã ThisÃ helpsÃ aÃ lotÃ inÃ dealingÃ withÃ theÃ studentsÃ withÃ EBD.Ã TheÃ vocabularyÃ usedÃ inÃ theÃ presentationÃ shouldÃ beÃ lucidÃ andÃ theÃ feedbackÃ shouldÃ beÃ givenÃ immediately. TheÃ lessonsÃ shouldÃ beÃ startedÃ withÃ theÃ interestingÃ itemsÃ orÃ questions.Ã ItÃ shouldÃ beÃ keptÃ inÃ mindÃ thatÃ ifÃ aÃ teacherÃ wants aÃ childÃ toÃ beÃ excitedÃ aboutÃ learningÃ thenÃ teacherÃ shouldÃ beÃ excitedÃ aboutÃ teaching.Ã WhileÃ takingÃ upÃ theÃ lessonsÃ studentsÃ shouldÃ knowÃ thatÃ theyÃ areÃ learningÃ andÃ makingÃ progress.Ã AfterÃ completing,Ã theÃ lessonÃ mustÃ beÃ revisedÃ andÃ theÃ studentsÃ shouldÃ beÃ preparedÃ toÃ moveÃ toÃ nextÃ lesson.Ã TheÃ longÃ presentationsÃ mustÃ beÃ cutÃ intoÃ shortÃ presentations,Ã soÃ asÃ inÃ caseÃ ofÃ longÃ assignments.Ã ExtraÃ timeÃ shouldÃ beÃ givenÃ toÃ studentsÃ forÃ completingÃ theirÃ work. TheÃ environmentÃ ofÃ aÃ classÃ shouldÃ beÃ healthy.Ã Rules andÃ regulationsÃ shouldÃ beÃ madeÃ andÃ teachÃ themÃ toÃ actÃ inÃ accordanceÃ withÃ theÃ rules.Ã TheÃ environmentÃ ofÃ aÃ classÃ shouldÃ beÃ quietÃ asÃ wellÃ active.Ã AdequateÃ materialsÃ shouldÃ beÃ provided Ã toÃ themÃ soÃ thatÃ theyÃ doÃ notÃ feelÃ shortageÃ ofÃ resourcesÃ inÃ betweenÃ theÃ lecture.Ã There shouldÃ be enough roomÃ forÃ theÃ studentsÃ toÃ moveÃ inÃ theÃ classroomÃ withoutÃ disturbingÃ each otherÃ andÃ adequateÃ spaceÃ mustÃ beÃ providedÃ toÃ themÃ forÃ theirÃ personalÃ belongings.Ã TheÃ classroomÃ rules shouldÃ beÃ lessÃ andÃ positive.Ã TheyÃ shouldÃ emphasizeÃ moreÃ onÃ likeÃ whatÃ studentsÃ mustÃ doÃ inÃ class. TeacherÃ shouldÃ communicateÃ withÃ aÃ childÃ inÃ aÃ nonÃ threateningÃ mannerÃ andÃ shouldÃ showÃ theÃ personalÃ interestÃ inÃ aÃ child.Ã ThisÃ makesÃ aÃ childÃ feelÃ goodÃ andÃ boostÃ upÃ hisÃ confidenceÃ level.Ã ProperÃ gesturesÃ andÃ bodyÃ languageÃ isÃ veryÃ importantÃ inÃ communication.Ã TheÃ gestureÃ givenÃ shouldÃ beÃ holding Ã longerÃ thanÃ normal.Ã SpeakingÃ slowlyÃ andÃ clearlyÃ areÃ alsoÃ veryÃ important.Ã ProperÃ waitÃ timeÃ shouldÃ beÃ includedÃ becauseÃ someÃ studentsÃ areÃ slowÃ learners. ManagingÃ behaviorÃ isÃ veryÃ importantÃ inÃ dealingÃ withÃ theÃ EBDÃ students.Ã SometimesÃ itÃ provesÃ outÃ toÃ beÃ veryÃ beneficialÃ toÃ ignoreÃ theÃ negativeÃ behaviors,Ã becauseÃ sometimesÃ aÃ childÃ behavesÃ negativelyÃ inÃ orderÃ toÃ grabÃ theÃ attention.Ã PunishmentÃ shouldÃ onlyÃ beÃ usedÃ inÃ aÃ caseÃ whenÃ theÃ behaviorÃ ofÃ aÃ childÃ isÃ harmfulÃ forÃ otherÃ students. ThereÃ mustÃ beÃ aÃ socialÃ problemÃ technique,Ã whichÃ effectivelyÃ identifiesÃ theÃ problemsÃ andÃ providesÃ theÃ bestÃ solutionÃ forÃ it.Ã AngerÃ managementÃ isÃ theÃ mainÃ problemÃ withÃ theÃ childÃ sufferingÃ fromÃ EBD.Ã AngerÃ isÃ naturalÃ soÃ itÃ usefulÃ toÃ teachÃ angerÃ controlÃ techniquesÃ ratherÃ angerÃ eliminationÃ techniques.Ã TheÃ firstÃ stepÃ inÃ angerÃ managementÃ isÃ toÃ convinceÃ aÃ childÃ thatÃ heÃ shouldÃ change,Ã teachingÃ relaxationÃ techniquesÃ helpsÃ aÃ lot. TeachingÃ strategiesÃ forÃ theÃ studentsÃ havingÃ learningÃ disabilities:- LearningÃ disabilitiesÃ isÃ aÃ problemÃ inÃ whichÃ aÃ childÃ findsÃ difficultyÃ inÃ organizingÃ receivedÃ information,Ã rememberingÃ them,Ã manipulatingÃ them.Ã ButÃ withÃ theÃ effectiveÃ learningÃ strategiesÃ theyÃ canÃ beÃ taughtÃ effectively.Ã TheÃ commonÃ symptomsÃ areÃ difficultyÃ inÃ learning,Ã poorÃ memory,Ã difficultyÃ inÃ rememberingÃ facts,Ã confusionÃ amongÃ theÃ basicÃ words,Ã spellingÃ andÃ readingÃ errors,Ã impulsiveÃ behaviorÃ etc. Ã · Ã Ã TheÃ courseÃ loadÃ shouldÃ beÃ low,Ã because theÃ courseÃ loadÃ Ã willÃ makeÃ themÃ evenÃ moreÃ poorÃ learners. Ã · Ã Questions shouldÃ beÃ askedÃ inÃ aÃ clarifyingÃ manner,Ã theÃ languageÃ usedÃ mustÃ beÃ easyÃ toÃ digest. Ã · Ã Ã TheÃ keyÃ pointsÃ ofÃ theÃ chapterÃ mustÃ beÃ toldÃ beforeÃ theÃ beginningÃ ofÃ theÃ chapter. Ã · Ã Ã WhileÃ writingÃ onÃ theÃ boardÃ verbalizeÃ whatÃ isÃ beingÃ written,Ã theÃ audioÃ andÃ videoÃ effectsÃ inÃ teachingÃ boostÃ upÃ theÃ learningÃ capabilities. Ã · Ã Ã TheÃ environmentÃ ofÃ theÃ classÃ mustÃ beÃ peacefulÃ soÃ thatÃ theÃ studentsÃ doÃ notÃ feelÃ diverted. Ã · Ã Ã TheÃ assignmentsÃ shouldÃ beÃ givenÃ inÃ oralÃ formÃ asÃ wellÃ asÃ inÃ writtenÃ form. Ã · Ã Ã TheyÃ shouldÃ beÃ givenÃ moreÃ timeÃ toÃ completeÃ difficultÃ assignments. Ã · Ã Ã TheÃ paceÃ ofÃ teachingÃ shouldÃ beÃ keptÃ inÃ accordanceÃ withÃ theirÃ learningÃ abilities. Ã · Ã Ã UsingÃ plentyÃ ofÃ examplesÃ inÃ theÃ presentationÃ makesÃ theirÃ understandingÃ levelÃ high. Ã · Ã Ã EncourageÃ themÃ toÃ borrowÃ theÃ classmateÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ notesÃ ifÃ required. Ã · Ã Ã ColoredÃ apparatusÃ mustÃ beÃ usedÃ forÃ highÃ visualÃ recognition. GroupÃ discussionÃ helpsÃ aÃ lotÃ forÃ theÃ studentsÃ havingÃ learningÃ disabilities,Ã forÃ themÃ groupÃ discussionÃ isÃ funÃ asÃ wellÃ asÃ isÃ beneficialÃ inÃ learning.Ã EncourageÃ themÃ toÃ askÃ questionsÃ duringÃ orÃ afterÃ theÃ lectureÃ toÃ makeÃ sureÃ thatÃ theyÃ haveÃ understoodÃ completely.Ã TeacherÃ mustÃ payÃ individualÃ attentionÃ towardsÃ everyÃ child.Ã FrequentÃ sessionsÃ withÃ a Ã childÃ forÃ properÃ assessmentÃ shouldÃ beÃ conducted.Ã UsingÃ largeÃ fontsÃ makeÃ theirÃ processingÃ fast. GiveÃ individualÃ conferencesÃ toÃ guideÃ studentsÃ with learningÃ disabilitiesÃ toÃ monitorÃ progressÃ andÃ understandingÃ ofÃ theÃ assignmentÃ andÃ ofÃ theÃ courseÃ content. ExamplesÃ ofÃ scienceÃ roleÃ modelsÃ withÃ disabilitiesÃ shouldÃ beÃ givenÃ toÃ themÃ frequentlyÃ soÃ thatÃ theyÃ doÃ notÃ feelÃ depressed.Ã EncourageÃ themÃ toÃ askÃ forÃ helpÃ wheneverÃ needed. ItÃ wouldÃ beÃ wrongÃ toÃ assessÃ theÃ potentialÃ ofÃ aÃ childÃ onÃ theÃ basisÃ ofÃ testÃ scores.Ã EveryÃ childÃ hasÃ itsÃ ownÃ strengthÃ andÃ weaknesses. Summary:- TheÃ mainÃ aimÃ ofÃ teachingÃ is to educateÃ individualsÃ whoÃ areÃ activeÃ membersÃ inÃ theÃ societyÃ atÃ itÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ variousÃ levels. TeachersÃ areÃ veryÃ importantÃ inÃ ourÃ societyÃ becauseÃ weÃ needÃ themÃ toÃ provideÃ ourÃ youthÃ withÃ theÃ knowledgeÃ and socialÃ experiencesÃ theyÃ willÃ needÃ toÃ improveÃ their Ã futureÃ andÃ theÃ futureÃ ofÃ theÃ entireÃ planet. WhileÃ teachingÃ studentsÃ withÃ exceptionalitiesÃ teacherÃ shouldÃ keepÃ inÃ mindÃ thatÃ everyÃ childÃ isÃ special.Ã TeacherÃ shouldÃ notÃ runÃ fromÃ Ã theirÃ responsibilities,Ã theyÃ canÃ changeÃ theÃ lifeÃ ofÃ theseÃ childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s.Ã EveryÃ childÃ likesÃ differentÃ environment,Ã soÃ itÃ betterÃ forÃ aÃ teacherÃ toÃ tryÃ toÃ educateÃ themÃ keepingÃ inÃ mindÃ theirÃ likesÃ andÃ dislikes. TeachersÃ canÃ apologiesÃ toÃ theÃ governmentÃ toÃ issueÃ theÃ policiesÃ whichÃ areÃ inÃ pureÃ favorÃ ofÃ theseÃ childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s.Ã LikeÃ inÃ maximumÃ countriesÃ reservationsÃ areÃ madeÃ forÃ theseÃ children. TheÃ teachers shouldÃ motivateÃ theÃ societyÃ aroundÃ themÃ toÃ takeÃ careÃ ofÃ theseÃ children.Ã WeÃ shouldÃ all believeÃ thatÃ thereÃ areÃ hopesÃ forÃ thoseÃ childrenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ andÃ we Ã canÃ doÃ somethingÃ forÃ them.Ã TheseÃ childrenÃ haveÃ theirÃ ownÃ qualitiesÃ likeÃ othersÃ andÃ theyÃ canÃ helpÃ ourÃ societyÃ uprising.Ã NoÃ oneÃ shouldÃ takeÃ itÃ asÃ takenÃ forÃ grantedÃ becauseÃ thisÃ canÃ happenÃ toÃ anyÃ body,Ã whatÃ ifÃ Ã theyÃ gotÃ sufferedÃ withÃ Ã theÃ Ã same.Ã TheÃ societyÃ willÃ surelyÃ Ã Ã turnÃ theirÃ faceÃ aroundÃ fromÃ thoseÃ children.Ã ButÃ ifÃ weÃ allÃ togetherÃ workÃ forÃ themÃ thenÃ changesÃ canÃ beÃ there. Questions:Ã¢â¬â 1)Ã DidÃ youÃ everÃ feltÃ frustratedÃ inÃ teachingÃ studentsÃ withÃ exceptionalities? 2)Ã WhatÃ areÃ theÃ importantÃ strategiesÃ adoptedÃ byÃ you? 3)Ã HowÃ youÃ willÃ handleÃ Ã theÃ disputesÃ betweenÃ theÃ students? 4)Ã AnyÃ specialÃ apparatusÃ isÃ requiredÃ forÃ teachingÃ them? 5)Ã WhatÃ areÃ theÃ methodsÃ youÃ haveÃ implementedÃ toÃ provideÃ socialÃ exposure? 6) AccordingÃ toÃ youÃ whatÃ kindÃ ofÃ environmentÃ doÃ youÃ thinkÃ isÃ bestÃ suitedÃ forÃ them? References Adelizzi,Ã Jane U. Ã & Ã Goss,Ã Diane B., Ã (2001),Ã Parenting Ã childrenÃ with Ã learning disabilities,Ã Greenwood PublishingÃ Ã Group,Ã ISBN: 0897897722 Dockrell, Julie,Ã & McShane, JohnÃ (1993), Children'sÃ learningÃ difficulties:Ã AÃ cognitiveÃ Ã approach,Ã Blackwell Publishing,Ã ISBN: 0631170170
Thursday, August 29, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"I have freedom,Ã¢â¬ you say? Do you really? Perhaps, in some ways, you do. But in the end, youÃ¢â¬â¢re just another puppet being controlled by invisible strings whether you know it or not. Ã¢â¬Å"Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains,Ã¢â¬ Jean-Jacques Rousseau once said. In society, man is Ã¢â¬Å"chainedÃ¢â¬ and controlled by the government, by pressure of conforming to the social norms, by wealth and social class, and by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s desires and emotions. Prior to birth, man is not restricted by such factors but that is merely a fleeting moment as he is slowly exposed to more and more of the world. I agree that Ã¢â¬Å"everywhere [man] is in chains,Ã¢â¬ but on the contrary, I believe man is already chained from the startÃ¢â¬âthat man is never free. In the novel, Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley, babies are Ã¢â¬Å"decantedÃ¢â¬ and conditioned to play out their predestined roles in the World State. As early as the embryonic stage, babies-to-be alr eady have their fates determined for them. In addition to conditioning, a drug called soma that induces a false sense of happiness dominates these peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. As long as there is society, there will be shackles. Subjects of the World State were pre-separated into specific caste levels through processes such as the Bokanovsky Process, hypnopaedia, and Pavlovian conditioning. As mere embryos, they were already being trained for their predestined fates. By the time they reached the end of the Ã¢â¬Å"assembly line,Ã¢â¬ freedom did not exist anymore. They were enslaved to society. They were conditioned to strictly love and enjoy the aspects of their own castes and dislike the aspects of other castes. Ã¢â¬Å"We also predestine and condition. We decant our babies as socialized human beings, as Alphas or Epsilons, as future sewage workersÃ¢â¬ ¦ (13)Ã¢â¬ stated the Director of Hatcheries matter-of-factly. How can man be bornÃ¢â¬âor in this case, decantedÃ ¬Ã¢â¬âfree if he canÃ¢â¬â¢t even make his own major life decisions or think for himself? Aside from conditioning, World State citizens so easily obeyed the government because they lived in such a Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ world that there just wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t anything to complain about. Generally, they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any problems in regards to sickness, death, desires, old age, passion, relationships and other issues that were often associated with an Ã¢â¬Å"unstableÃ¢â¬ society. Ã¢â¬Å"People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they canÃ¢â¬â¢t get.Ã (220)Ã¢â¬ If anything Ã¢â¬Å"badÃ¢â¬ happened, all they had to do was take a tablet. Ã¢â¬Å"And do remember that a gramme is better than a damn. (55)Ã¢â¬ The World State government kept their people in Ã¢â¬Å"bottles.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢Each one of us, of courseÃ¢â¬ ¦goes through life inside a bottle,Ã¢â¬â¢ stated Mustapha Mond. (222-223)Ã¢â¬ The government expected everyone to act according to the standard of infantile behaviorÃ¢â¬âof simple satisfaction, ignorance, and lack of self-restraint and they condemned anyone who acted otherwise. Citizens of the society were encouraged to take soma when distressed and attend social events and activities and so on. It was through such ways that the people were kept distracted and obliviously controlled. These Ã¢â¬Å"socialized human beingsÃ¢â¬ were so ignorant of the shackles around their limbs that they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even try or think to take them off. When a man is born with chainsÃ¢â¬âmetaphorically speaking, of courseÃ¢â¬âhe is unaware of them. And if he is unaware of them, then there is no way for him to escape them. Such is the case with the people of the World State. They are conditioned to accept and even enjoy whatever path that is laid out in front of them. In this illusion of a perfect world, everyone is happy and without a care as the government does all the thinking for them. Ultimately, people of the World State are permanently trapped in a stage of Ã¢â¬Å"infancyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âeven upon their deathbeds.
Wednesday, August 28, 2019
Henri MatisseAnd Fauvism - Essay Example The essay "Henri Matisse And Fauvism" analyzes Henri Matisse's art and Fauvism. Matisse describes his drawings based on his vision of expressionism and the idea of passion that is Ã¢â¬Å"mirrored on the human face, or betrayed by a violent gestureÃ¢â¬ . The section was the resulting text, in which Matisse focused on his past works and present works, as he thought that he could never go back and change a painting that he had done. Matisse demonstrates his value and appreciation towards the Ã¢â¬Å"old mastersÃ¢â¬ , such as Signac, Denis and Blanche. He synthesized their works with his own examinations of nature, as he claims in his own book, Matisse on Art: Ã¢â¬Å"to absorb the lessons of the masters and then to Ã¢â¬ËforgetÃ¢â¬â¢ them in order to arrive at a means of personal expressionÃ¢â¬ . Matisse further discusses the creation of space with regards to the objects that constitute them and their different planes in space, as he states: Ã¢â¬Å"in perspective, but in a perspe ctive of feeling, in suggested perspective.Ã¢â¬ The idea of a radiant space is parallel to intangible space that can be seen in his paintings also, corresponding to FauvismÃ¢â¬â¢s use of space. Matisse claims: Ã¢â¬Å"a drawing must have a power of expansion which can bring to life the space which surrounds it.Ã¢â¬ Similarly, human emotions were critical to paintings, according to Matisse, as he suggests: Ã¢â¬Å"My line drawing is the purest and most direct translation of my emotion. Ã¢â¬Å"Harmonies and dissonance of color can produce very pleasurable effects.Ã¢â¬
Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Shinto Current Issues - Essay Example In this respect, religions of the Oriental world appear to be extremely interesting for research and deductive in their heart from the perspective of their main principle of leading a spiritual life in harmony with inner and outer world. One of such confessions or rather to say ways of life is the Shinto religion. So, lets consider common characteristics of Shintoism and Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism in general and a specific contemporary state of Shintoism in particular. Ã¢â¬Å"Today, if you ask what religion they follow, most Japanese would say that they do not follow any religionÃ¢â¬ (Miyamoto, 2011).The same image appears in other countries of the Oriental world, for its peoples really donÃ¢â¬â¢t confess any religion but abide this or that living philosophy. One way or another, there is nothing surprising in the fact that all nations of the same semantically unionized area share some common traits in their believes. As it has been mentioned above, Shintoism, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism advocate the same key principle of a balanced life within nature and the world. It refers to a grateful and favorable attitude towards everything of animated and inanimate nature, as any creature comes laden with a particular meaning for the world (everything has its sole). Moreover, a destiny of stones, trees, animals, humans is defined by their positively or negatively lived being, which is led by a particular way of thinking. As a r esult, souls are degenerated influenced by deeds and their effects while living. Hence, there is another common characteristic, that is, a belief in circulation of life and death, reincarnation of soul into bodies of inanimate subjects, animals, humans and gods (Bumb, 2010). Polytheism is the next common denominator of the Oriental religions, since there are numerous gods, the great people and
Indian banking industry - Dissertation Example The intention of this study is the banking industry of India. The introduction of the banking concept is attributed to the medieval Florence in the year 1937. Medici, a powerful and renowned merchant family, introduced networking system in shops through which people can easily deposit and withdraw their money from different cities. It provided the people with the facilitation of easy transfer of money while avoiding carrying large amount of cash while traveling. Initially banks in India were dealing only with the financing activities. The overall history of the Indian banking industry have seen the ears of Presidency banks, to Imperial Bank of India, and lastly to the State Bank of India. During different time periods the banking sector of India has been facing a volatile environment and because of this there have been shift from majority of private ownership to nationalism and now it is moving towards the greater liberalization. The government knows that there is an important role o f private and foreign players in the banking industry as there is huge competition. During the period of evolution the banking industry of India has witnessed immense development in terms of regulations, new and unique products and services offered which facilitate people and attract them towards itself, ownership structure and the technology deployed. Nowadays Indian banks are continuously focusing on the introduction of new services offered in order to meet their customer expectations. The challenges and opportunities being faced by the Indian banks in this regard, consists of rural market, management of risks, customer expectation, transparency, environmental concerns, social and ethical issues, global banking, growth in banking sector, human factor, customer and employee retentions. The biggest challenge is to reach the mass market of India. First of all, the banks have to focus and understand the customer and then have to design products and services according to their needs (K umbhar, 2011). Nowadays, consumer demands mobile banking, internet banking and ATM services because consumer is very well aware of each and everything and their expectations and demands have increased as compare to previous years. For this reason, banking industry in India is going towards differentiation, product innovation and technology innovation. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT: The following are the aims and objectives of the study To analyze the evolution of IT in the Banking industry of India To analyze how IT has influenced the banking industry of India BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE LITERATURE REVIEW: Banking is one of the oldest professions of the world and has gone through various transitions with the passage of time and developments. One of the key developments in the recent years, that has changed Indian banking sector tremendously, is the evolution of IT sector in banking industry of India, due to which today banking has become an easy to do
Monday, August 26, 2019
Budget Control Methodology - Essay Example Control Centers To build a budgetary control hub together with your business clusters. Usually, responsibility centers are classified into four; investment, revenue, profits and expense. Conventionally, these are characterized by income and cash flow account. Together, these statements have ordinary interconnections, which can be scrutinized with time to achieve equilibrium. The working capital formula derived from the value of current assets minus current liabilities qualifies as a general assessment tool for investors while judging company's basic operational competence. Capital values affixed to any inventory, also known as current assets or money owed to the firm by clients, which is the current liabilities, may not be utilized to settle up a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s financial liability. When the flow of working capital is delayed between different cycles, then inefficiency is said to have occurred (Brownell 1985). Forecasting Forecasting is the most decisive element in a budgetary techniqu e. This entails the capacity to chart out a well planned strategy for future prospects. Simply, forecasting is deliberating on potential aspect that may arise in coming days. Every manager is obliged to organize specific drafts, showing objectives and capital requirements. These needs should be assessed against the larger outlook to guarantee compatibility with business standards. A lot of emphasis should be directed towards setting up a responsive budget, which presents proportions of general accounts for relevant sectors. Budgeting should be considered as a device in addition to a control measure (Little et al. 2002). 2. Costing methodologies: While examining costing methods, several methods may be applied to establish expenditure proportionate to administrative obligations. These applications may be classified as follows: Absorption costing: this denotes the guarantee of expenses after they are incurred according to the structure - both fixed and unpredictable costs are apportion ed to cost units while the sum total of overheads is taken up by real activity levels. Absorption costing is defined as total costing owing to the fact that total costs are final amounts assigned to costs. This is also submitted as a standard or time based costing. Still, due to the reality that costs are certified after they have been acquired, and large time-gaps subsist from the point of expenditure to the time of cost citation, it is evident that it does not mitigate cost control. Marginal costing: this system illustrates the theory whereby variable expenses are levied to expenditure units, whereas fixed costs associated with the related duration is settled up wholly versus the input in the given timeframe. The contribution noted marks the variation between sales and the subsidiary cost of sale. Marginal costing can be described as a straight or variable costing.Ã The technique is a vital tool to the management while deliberating on crucial guidelines, which include pricing, product preference and final choice. Standard costing: this strategy employs standard for costs and returns with a view to management through a variance investigation. Values are set up according to each cost factor on a systematic basis for nonstop future prospects, while actual expenses are weighed up against the same standards. Discrepancies accrued from standards are investigated; logical causes are formed and remedial measures put in place to deter a repeat of wasteful business practices. Differential costing: the technique is mainly concerned with
Sunday, August 25, 2019
Tanker Shipping Market Outlook - Case Study Example Finally, there would be capacity issues imposed by seaway regulations associated with allowable freight sizes that could further limit profitability and competitive advantage. The business recognizes cost issues in proposing new strategies, evident in recognition of RFID investment and concerns over the pricing model after investing in RFID. Is diversification the most effective strategy to improve the competitive position and profitability of Great Lakes Carriers or should the business continue with its current operational model for iron ore freight? D. Conduct a research study on safety risks associated with railroad transport versus lake shipment to present to customers currently using railroad for grain deliveries and enhancing railroad market share in the process. Solution A would be the most viable to GLC. Purchasing the new fleet would not only serve new markets and improve profitability, but it would also give the business more assets. Leszczynski (2009) identifies that new ships maintain almost the same depreciated value after five years as at the time of purchase. Thus, the life cycle of these ships gives more asset protection and would also improve the capacity of Great Lakes Carriers to gain more market share. The low capacity ships required due to size restrictions by regulatory forces on the lakes cost approximately 43 million USD (UNCTAD, 2006). It is also common practice in the maritime shipping industry to hedge against potential risks, such as demand decreases, through Freight Forward Agreements (Kavussanos, 2003). This could help offset the one-time high investment as well as new market share improvements. GLC should consult with new and used ship sellers to identify the most practical solutions for procurement.Ã
Saturday, August 24, 2019
Cultural Differences of Brazil, China and Nigeria - Essay Example Like any other company, Stipel Marketing has to prepare itself for this process and this reports highlights some of the factors that need to be considered to enable a smooth transition. Human resource is very important to any organization. This is because it provides the organization with skilled manpower that helps it to achieve its objectives. Our organization provides an open type of communication platform where employees and their supervisors get to interact freely and share their thoughts and ideas. Given that we are a marketing company, communication is core in our business and this must be enhanced at all costs. At the United Kingdom head office, the staff has adapted to this open plan network and it has proved beneficial to the company so far (Green, 2011). As the company seeks to expand and explore other business opportunities around the globe it is important for the company to analyze the communities in these target markets so as to know which approach to use to get the best talent. In some areas around the globe, workers are not allowed to mingle freely with their supervisors and this is what will make them perform optimally. However, in other parts of t he globe, employees are free to interact with their superiors (Gordon-Reed, 2008). This gives them a sense of togetherness and they are able to perform more efficiently. All these factors are to be considered if the organization is to establish sustainable and rewarding working relationships with these colleagues from other countries. The countries that are in focus in this report are Nigeria, China and Brazil, each of which has its own distinct culture. The role of this report is to showcase the opportunities and the challenges that may arise as the organization tries to establish cross cultural operations (Golden, 2005).
Friday, August 23, 2019
Globalization and Production Chain - Essay Example Globalization refers to the increasing universal connectivity and economic integration of cross-border activities in the corporate sector through removals of barriers of free trade and capital mobility. It has major impacts on the world in the financial, communal, cultural, political, environmental and technological areas. Globalization is a comprehensive term and it has a number of key concepts and theories concealed within it. The idea can perchance be better portrayed as an idle process built upon a number of sub-processes such as virtual corporations across physical borders, progress in information technology, elimination of cultural and physical barriers etc. that are increasingly shrinking the humanity into a global system constituting of a universal society. The best example of globalization is the internet revolution. Despite the level of importance acquired by the subject a standard definition is yet to evolve and a number of varied opinions dominated by the perceived merits of the concept are used to describe the all important the driving engine of the 21st Century. Globalization has been defined been defined with respect to various aspects of life some view it as the homogenization of cultures, norms, values and attitudes across transnational borders. While others consider it as the standardization of procedures, experiences and knowledge which may not only be limited to the corporate sector but even to other areas that impact an individual's life in current globally influenced society. On the other hand from an economics point of view globalization is considered to be the meeting of prices, products, wages, rates of interest and profits towards the developed country's standards. Notwithstanding the varying opinions the following attributes have been universally accepted to be associated with the impacts of globalization and whatever leads to any of the following results would be an aspect of the Globalization. People around the world are integrated and connected to each other while the physical distances have shrunken. This trend has been evident in the aftermath of the evolution of information technology. A convenient flow of information and capital throughout the globe. Goods and services manufactured in one country being easily accessible by the people living in other countries. The role of Multinational Corporations (MNC's) has been evident in this case. Communication and journey across the borders becomes a routine activity. All the above states characteristics can be easily identified in the current environment we live in. To maintain a Mercedes, wear a French perfume, to talk to friend in Australia, to be able transfer money from New York to London in a split second or to be roaming on the streets of Delhi within a couple of days are realities that have traveled through the dark roads of idealism and have blessed us by the virtue of globalization. A question then arises is globalization a feature of the 20th Century or its existence can be traced back further. The answer to this is that globalization has been a phenomenon that is as old as the human existence. Man has always tried to break down the shackles of physical frontiers and explore new horizons. From the time when human being first involved into barter trade till the undertaking of organizational activities through
Thursday, August 22, 2019
Dispostional Personality Theories Essay The two most common dispositional theories are AllportÃ¢â¬â¢s psychology of the individual theory and the trait and factor theory. AllportÃ¢â¬â¢s psychology of the individual theory emphasized that people are unique, even though they may share traits in common, and those unique qualities are what should be focused on. Ã¢â¬Å"More than any other personality theorist, Gordon Allport emphasized the uniqueness of the individual. He believed that attempts to describe people in terms of general traits rob them of their unique individualityÃ¢â¬ . In order to focus on the individuals uniqueness Allport felt that a broad theory is more useful than a narrow one and he would use information from different theorist in his research. For many years there has been much debate about how many traits actually have an effect on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. In recent years the majority of theorist have come to the conclusion that five is the magic number. Esyneck, McCrae, and Costa have focused their studies on the trait and facto theory and have done much research using standardized tests, clinical observations, and observations from friends and families of the individuals studied. Ã¢â¬Å"Trait and factor theories of personality are based on factor analysis, a procedure that assumes that human traits can be measured by correlational studiesÃ¢â¬ . Each of these theories have different approaches to explaining an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. Both AllportÃ¢â¬â¢s psychology of the individual theory and the trait and factor theory have its own effect on individual personalities. Interpersonal relationships are influenced by each of these theories in its own way as well.
Wednesday, August 21, 2019
The play Ã¢â¬Å"MacbethÃ¢â¬ Essay At the beginning of this exam we read through the play entitled Ã¢â¬Å"MacbethÃ¢â¬ so we had an idea of the plot of the play I think this helped us all as most of the class had not read this play before and this made us want to learn more of Macbeth. Response Phase. Using still images and narration after we had read the play helped me to understand the play better than when I read it as you had a visual aid and could see exactly what was going on and having narration in Modern English made it easier to understand as we are used to Modern English. In order to create three still images with narration successfully we had to think about the relationships between characters within the play to make sure that the way in which we performed was as accurate as possible as then it made it easier for the audience to understand. When we performed the three still images with narration I found that putting emotion in your voice for the narration and using conscious movement when changing images was hard and we needed some more work on that however I feel that showing who we were acting towards other characters was easy and the audience knew who we were trying to act as. In the exam we did an exercise called Ã¢â¬Å"the mirror exerciseÃ¢â¬ in this we got into pairs and had to stand facing each other and we had to copy our partnerÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and movements to create an atmosphere and we compared this to characters in the play for example: When Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are arguing about killing the king in our movement piece we showed how the control of the two switched until Lady Macbeth wins the argument and we showed her higher in this piece showing that she had won the argument. In act 1 scene 3 we learnt through the mirror exercise that Macbeth is easily lead by Lady Macbeth in which he is willing to kill the king to make his wife happy and to make him self king this also shows that he is a greedy man. This exercise reflected upon me greatly as I got to see a different sides to lots of characters which I fell gave our performances a little more and we could perform better having done this. Hotseating Macbeth helped my understanding of the character much more as you could ask any questions which are unanswered within the text and you could also develop more of a background to the character and that meant you knew more about Macbeth so you could add more into your performances and this was much better than just being told about the character. What we discovered about Macbeth as a result of hotseating: He is a greedy man. A power thirsty man. Looks out for him self. Trusts his wife. Is loyal to whom he chooses. Is very deceiving. In act 1 scene 7 we used thought tracking, soundscapeÃ¢â¬â¢s and abstract movement to explore the thoughts and inner turmoil in MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and I fell that all f these strategies helped my understanding as I could discover more sides to MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s character which enhanced my performance when I was in his role. I discovered in this that Macbeth is a greedy man as he wants to kill a friend and a loyal boss just so he can have more power and be crowned king. In groups of three we identified and marked the moment that represented the struggle in Macbeths mind, we identified this moment by reading extracts and finding that moment, we found it as it was significant as it showed Macbeth talking to himself arguing with his conscious not knowing what to do thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why we chose this scene. Following on from this we all created a short movement piece without dialogue to highlight this moment this deepened my understanding and effectiveness of the piece without dialogue as you got to watch Macbeths facial expressions and how he felt reflected upon them also you got to think for yourself what he may have been thinking so this helps to understand. Within this whole exam I feel that Ã¢â¬Å"the mirror exerciseÃ¢â¬ helped me most to gain an insight into the characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. I think that this whole experience has helped me to understand the life and times that William Shakespeare wrote this as I can see that it is easy to get away with murders as there was no authorities like the police like we have today which shows it was a dangerous time and a lot has changed since then. Empathy to see and feel someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view is so important not only for an actor but for society in general as if you do not always see eye to eye and you cannot compromise friction between people enter and this is when fights and disagreements all break out so it is important as you can then have a conversation and the tone of your voice can reflect upon that which helps keep the peace. Development Phase. We looked at act 1 scene 3, this is when Macbeth meets the three witches for the first time and also when he is told that he will be Thane of Cawdor and the king, here is how I think Macbeth would have felt about this, his thoughts on this life changing news: Thane of Cawdor? How can that be there is already a Thane of Cawdor. To be king wow that would be great but how do I achieve that? These women cannot speak truth there is no way this can come true, but what if they speak true and I can become Thane then king ? I must tell my wife! From the above in which I have just written I will now bullet point how I feel I would perform the extract above: My facial expression would be tense and confused. I would look down just glancing up every so often looking at people until the line beginning Ã¢â¬Å"These womenÃ¢â¬ then look up. Once looking up stare at the three witches. Look at them angrily. Look out in the distance when Ã¢â¬Å"but what ifÃ¢â¬ starts. Confused look again. Return to the atmosphere of the room quickly as you say Ã¢â¬Å"I must tell my wifeÃ¢â¬ . We used drama to create our own version of act 1 scene 3 we used props symbolically within this scene for example: Drums to create the drum sound in the text, black cloth to show the darkness of the witchÃ¢â¬â¢s growing closer towards Macbeth. In this scene we tried to replicate Macbeths temptation when the weird sisters are telling him all him becoming Thane of Cawdor and king as in our group we felt that it was important to show his lust for the titles of Thane and King so we tried to show that the weird sisters are making his lust worse as they say he can be Thane and king so in a group we felt that the weird sisters were responsible for his temptation but also he controls this so in a way they are both responsible for the temptation towards the titles and thought that somehow they could be like a mirror to his own soul as he wants to be Thane and king but does not show it only deep in his soul so they are showing him this and he knows that it what he wants and what he lusts for in his soul. I feel that a twenty first century interpretation of the text would be very different to that of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s age when witchÃ¢â¬â¢s were considered to be real as today people would think nothing of someone saying that they would be Thane and king as there is no such thing as witches known in present times so Macbeth in present time would not be as spooked and as tempted as there is no fear in what they say today. If I could develop this drama through the use of costume, stage design, special effects and props I would have used lighting so that every so often when the witches finished a sentence they flashed so it gave the effect of lighting and mystery and to give the atmosphere of storm I would also use black clothes with were ripped and look dirty and for Macbeth I would wear battle clothes like armor as they had just come from battle in this scene. When creating this movement piece from act 1 scene 7 I feel it gave a great sense of how Macbeth was feeling and gave an idea of the thoughts going through his mind as he is drawn to what the witches are saying but backs away when in his mind he thinks it may happen and he becomes overwhelmed with the thought. I feel we could have developed this further by the speed in which Macbeths walks toward the witches and when he backs away as the tempo and rhythm of that could make the audience engage more with his thoughts, also using contrasts as in the stillness when Macbeth backs away to when he was all excited to hear he will be king when he is very active, using spoken language in this piece may have made this better as some members of the audience may not have fully understood what was going on within this piece. If we were to use our movement piece and turn it into a naturalistic role-play I would design the stage as a dark stormy sky as the witches bring storms and the blackness can symbolize evil being the witches. Within this role-play I would have to think about spoken language between the characters including gestures and how they should show how they really feel with body language and where the climax of the whole scene should be in order to make it work. Acting out the text using ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s language was very challenging and difficult to master and I would need a lot of time to get it perfect. If I had a week to rehearse a scene I would pick the very first one in the play when you meet the witches for the first time as I think this sets the scene for the rest of the play, in this I would use my voice to project over the whole of the stage when needed to create a sense of the witches being mysterious and my body language would be very bizarre as the witches move like this to create a strange atmosphere.
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
The Raven The Raven written by Edgar Allan Poe is a very famous poertry. "The most obvious symbol is the Raven its self. Poe uses the non-reasoning raven because he wants to make us wondering why he had chosen the raven from all the other birds., and frustrate us by wondering why the raven is repeating the word nevermore. He is surprised to hear the bird speak and he thinks that no living human has ever had a bird just sit there and talk to him, and with such a name as Nevermore. This might be the point where he realises that he is dying. It is also important that the answers to the questions are already known, but in a way it helps to illustrate the self-torture the narrator exposes himself to. Another symbol is the Pallas. . It seemed that the bird had a purpose for being there. In the whole room the raven decides toperch on the Greek Goddess of Wisdom, because in a way or another he is trying to make us believe that the raven speaks from wisdom? Or was Poe just using a word only some could interpret? "And the Raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door; And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon's that is dreaming, And the lamp-light o'er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor; And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor Shall be lifted NEVERMORE." Through this quotation the bird has disobeyed him and is just sitting above the door staring at him. His soul is caught under the bird shadow as he passes away and it is lifted up to heaven and his fair Lenore. Poe uses midnight and December for the time the story takes place because both represent an end to something, and alsothe anticipation of something new. A new year comes after midnight, also a new day; and December represents the end of a year. Finally when I picture the room the narrator is positioned in and remembering the past, remembering how weak and weary he felt. He remembers himself he was like a lonely and sorrowful, and the richly furnished room reminds him of his lost love,
Monday, August 19, 2019
Lord of the Flies Project Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Breakdowns in society result when people avoid their responsibilities to the community to pursue their own ends.Ã¢â¬ This seems entirely true. For example, in Ã¢â¬Å"Lord of the FliesÃ¢â¬ most of the kids decide going around hunting and not worrying about anything else is what is important, and eventually turn into savages. This could also be true if the people of a farming community started becoming lazy and stopped caring for their crops and animals. Or, in the military, if the all the leaders just stopped giving orders. Anyway you want to put it, if people donÃ¢â¬â¢t do whatÃ¢â¬â¢s required of them, the world around them crumbles. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In William GoldingÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Lord of the FliesÃ¢â¬ a group of boys get stranded on a desert island after their plane was shot down. Two of the boys, Ralph and Piggy know that to survive they must built shelters, collect food, and try to find a way to signal any planes or ships that might pass by. Unfortunately, the choir (hunters) and their leader, Jack, feel that they must be hunting more than anything. Because Jack gathered all the hunters at once for their first successful hunt, their signal fire goes out. As tensions rise high, Ralph and Piggy soon find themselves outnumbered by the hunters, and their followers, who joined due to promises of freedom, to play whenever they want. Because the hunters neglect their responsibilities of making shelter and whatnot, their Ã¢â¬Å"societyÃ¢â¬ crumbles. Th...
Sunday, August 18, 2019
William Wordsworth and Robert Frost - Views on nature. To many people Nature is something of little thought, but when we take time to "stand back" and acknowledge it we can actually see its beauty. Until now a meadow or a tree in a forest to me, was little more than something of everyday life. Now having come to realise the power and force it has upon mans emotions and actions, I realised the thoughts of other people when studying the work of William Wordsworth and Robert Frost. Both poets see Nature in different ways although there are some aspects of the subject which are clearly the same. This view is such a vast subject which is an always changing thing. From the changing seasons to the day- to- day weather Nature never ceases to amaze. For both poets Nature brings the same thing, yet in very different ways. For Robert Frost, the simple scene of a wood (forest) filling slowly up with snow. As for Wordsworth the scene is very much a more vibrant picture as he describes the daffodils in their 'sprightly dance'. To you or me, to see these things is just something that happens and we don't notice it. In today's society such events are not even acknowledged, and there fore people don't normally take the time to experience the occasion. We realise that both Wordsworth and Frost where alone as Wordsworth states 'I wandered lonely' and Frost states-: 'Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though;' Both quotes indicate a sense of loneliness and isolation. Frost looks very deep into Nature as does Wordsworth. Frost sees an escape from life, and Wordsworth sees an escape from feeling down and 'pensive'. For Wordsworth his encounter with Nature gives him a constant thought ... ...nd company' we see a sense of communion here. The use of onomatopoeia makes both poems more homely. 'Fluttering' the delicate movement of the flower. 'Gazed' long sound to emphasise his movement. 'Glance' a swift sound to indicate a quick look. 'Sprightly' energetic and lively sounding. 'Bliss' relaxing sounding. In 'stopping by woods' Frost uses the word 'sweep' to give the soft feeling of how the snow drifts through the trees. 'Downy' indicates again how the flakes slowly drifted down. The word 'down' could refer to the movement of duck down as it falls to the ground. The phrase 'sounds the sweep' make me think of how the wind whispered through the trees carrying the snow. 'sounds the sweep' is also a perfect example of assonance and soft alliteration. There are a few more points I would like to add to this essay after the first draft has been marked.
Saturday, August 17, 2019
Starbuck's Value Alignment BUS 475 Starbuck's Value Alignment Aligning organizational values with the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s actual plans and actions provides a formula for success. Decisions made through the planning process are more effective if the values of the organization are a part of the process. The values of Starbucks are the core of daily operations of the organization. Oftentimes, organizational values are aligned with the personal values of the customers, defining the social responsibility of the organization.Team C analyzes personal and workplace values, explaining how these values correlate to the actions and behaviors of the Starbucks organization. Analyzed Origins and Evolution of Personal and Workplace Values A companyÃ¢â¬â¢s core values are the foundation for success of their business. The business does require a good product, placement, people, and promotion, but at the heart of the company are the values and principles it believes in. Starbucks formulated its Mi ssion Statement and Guiding Principles in 1990 and are the roots of its culture and serve as the guide for its partners.At the core is the philosophy of being truly committed to holding each other accountable for their actions. This is supported by a communication system that is designed to give everyone a voice. This provides ownership at all levels and a responsibility for all employees to be a part of the success. The six Guiding Principles outline the values that Starbucks works toward achieving. First, provide a great work environment and treat each other with respect and dignity. The second principle is to embrace diversity. Third, apply the highest standards in purchasing, roasting, and fresh delivery of coffee every day.The fourth principle is to develop enthusiastically satisfied customers. As a fifth principle, Starbucks contributes positively to the communities and the environment. Last, recognize that profitability is essential to success. These values are the governing elements of the workplace at Starbucks. Individual Values OneÃ¢â¬â¢s individual values will have an influence on his or her actions and behaviors. Some values will determine why someone acts the way he or she does and how he or she would respond. For example, if a person is very determined, he or she may become a workaholic. If a person believes in integrity, he or she will probably be honest.A company tries to find individuals who share the same commonalities. Starbucks has an ethical standpoint of trying to please the customers by providing excellent products and service. Starbucks hires friendly and hardworking employees to represent the business. Values, Actions, and Behaviors Values, actions, and behaviors all have a shared alignment. The values are what drive employees to make sound decisions that will positively affect their actions and behaviors. If an employee did not share the same values, his or her actions and behaviors may represent how the company and employee share opposing values.For example, if an employee did not care about customer satisfaction, he or she would act irresponsible and aloof. This would make management unsatisfied because they do not share the same values. An employee who shared the same values would try to work hard and would treat customers nicely. An employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s values can easily be interpreted by how he or she acts and responds to people. Stated Values versus Actual Actions Starbucks mission is Ã¢â¬Å"to inspire and nurture the human spirit Ã¢â¬â one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a timeÃ¢â¬ (Starbucks, p1).With more than 17,900 stores and thousands of employees, not to mention a high customer loyalty and approval Starbucks is achieving just that every day. Not only is the quality of the product important but also the conditions in which the coffee is grown, it is needs to be environmentally sound as well as good working conditions for the laborers who grow it. In the years 2007 through 2010, they wer e recognized as one of the Ã¢â¬Å"WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s Most Ethical Companies,Ã¢â¬ in the years 2009-2010 they were named the Ã¢â¬Å"Most Ethical Company, European Coffee Industry,Ã¢â¬ and in 2010 one of the Ã¢â¬Å"Global 100 Most Sustainable Corporations in the WorldÃ¢â¬ (Starbucks).These awards prove that there is a direct alignment with their stated and actual values. What Starbucks values, and has been proven, is its commitment to the employees of which they call partners. By showing the commitment of a good work environment Starbucks is rewarded with a friendly and knowledgeable staff. All employees, both full and part-time alike can obtain health insurance, a benefit that is almost unheard of from a part-time standpoint.The following awards have be given to Starbucks proving the actions of their stated values, one of Ã¢â¬Å"The 100 Best Companies to Work ForÃ¢â¬ FORTUNE Ã¢â¬â 1998Ã¢â¬â2000, 2002Ã¢â¬â2010, one of the Ã¢â¬Å"Most Admired Companies in AmericaÃ¢â¬ FORTUNE Ã¢â¬â 2003Ã¢â¬â2010, One of the Ã¢â¬Å"Best Places to Work for LGBT EqualityÃ¢â¬ The Human Rights Campaign Ã¢â¬â 2009-2010 (Starbucks). Our Values and Organization Values StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s Coffee Company admits, every once in a while, every organization makes a bad judgment. However, what separates Starbucks from other organizations is their value-driven willingness openly to evaluate their actions.For example: StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s President Orin Smith States, Ã¢â¬ËThe first hour after September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, a StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s employee in New York sold a bottle water to paramedic. StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s meant to donate the water the employees made a mistake. When StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s president learned of the error he immediately called the paramedic and the public relation team to issue a news release apologizing and reimbursing the paramedics. He ensured that StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s employees were donating water, coffee, and other pro ducts to rescue workers and to the injured. As Team C analyzes the degree of alignment between personal values and the organization values as reflected by the organization plan and actions, StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s values are parallel to personal values. The team agrees with StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s eagerness to admit their mistake and captivating actions to correct them. This confirms that Starbucks is value-driven and stands behind their mission and values statement. Team C found no dissimilarity in personal values and StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s values because employees and customers agree with StarbuckÃ¢â¬â¢s providing a great work atmosphere and treating each other with dignity and respect. ConclusionThe guiding principles of Starbucks, as revealed above, outline the values of the organization. Aligning the personal values of potential employees with those of the organization, allows Starbucks to hire quality candidates that enhance the business. Starbucks calls these employees partners and continue s to grow as an organization receiving rewards as being one of the best companies to work for. References Starbucks Coffee Company, (2011). Assets. Retrieved from http://assets. starbucks. com/assets Starbucks Coffee Company, (2011). Company Information. Retrieved from http://www. starbucks. com/about-us/company-information Value Alignment Values are important to life. Every day the working class faces two sets of values. He or She has their individual values and the values of the organization he or she works for. This paper will analyze the origin and subsequent evolution of both workplace values and personal values. The paper will explain how individual values drive the actions and behaviors of people, and analyze the alignment between personal values and actions and behaviors. Then it will analyze how personal values align with those of another organization, and why it is important that personal and business values align.Origin and Subsequent Evolution of Values OneÃ¢â¬â¢s values are personal beliefs that guide oneÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviors and decisions. Values are held deep with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s subconscious and are integrated into his or her everyday life. Every day people make decisions and these decisions even if they are choices are impacted by his or her own values. One gains his or her personal values based on his or her life experiences. Personal values began to develop during child hood and as one grow older and experiences life he or she may drop some of these values and add others (Lopper, 2007).Workplace values are much like personal values. As the business grows the companies values will change, and some will be dropped, and others will be picked up. In the beginning, depending on the size of the company the values of the company are based on the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s personal values. Workplace values set the guidelines for how the company is to make every day business decisions. Workplace values should promote extraordinary customer service by motivated, happy, and productive employees (Heathfield, 2011).My personal values are family, honesty, integrity, success, dedication, and treat others as you want to be treated. Many of these like treat others as you want to be treated are values that I learned as a child and others like family have become more defined as I go through life. My favorite pr evious employer Holland America Tours values are focus, service excellence, integrity, honesty, team, change, optimism, and perspective. Individual Values Drive Actions and Behaviors Two people can have the same set of values but take different actions and have different behaviors.This happens because of the way that the two people define the values that drive him or her. An example of this would be success. One person can define success as a roof over his or her head, and food on the table. Whereas, another person would define success as a bunch of money in the bank (Khoo, 2008). Reflecting on how I got to where I am today my values have not changed much; however my definition of my values has changed. I do believe that my actions and the decision I have made in life reflect my values.Holland Americas values have helped them in reaching their mission of excellence and through excellence they can create once in a lifetime experiences every time. Alignment between Organizational Valu es and Personal Values When starting or applying to work with a company it is important to do oneÃ¢â¬â¢s research and find what the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s values are and how well they align with his or her personal values. Working for a company that has totally different values than oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own values can create an unpleasant work environment (Khoo, 2008).Holland America Tours values and my personal values is not a perfect match but yet it was one of my favorite places to work. This is because my personal values did align with the majority of Holland America Tours values. I did not always agree with the decision that the company made I did however follow those decisions in every possible ways. None of them went completely against my own personal values. Values wether they are personal or the workplace are important to everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s every day life.Our personal values we use to make daily decisions and our work values we use to make decisions at work. Both personal and workplace values are created in the early stages of life and then change as the person or as the company grows. Values are what drive our actions and our behaviors. They are the reason we act the way we do. Because values mean so much to us in our daily lives one has to find an employer that has values that align with his or her personal values. Doing so will allow one to make decisions at work easier and without feeling as if he or she is making the wrong decision.ReferencesHeathfield, S. M. (2011). How to Make Values Live in Your Organization. Retrieved from http://humanresources. about. com/od/orgdevelopment/a/valueslive. htm Khoo, A. (2008, June 5). How your Personal Values Drive Your Decisons In Life. Retrieved from http://www. articlesbase. com/self-improvement-articles/how-your-personal-values-drive-your-decisons-in-life-439134. html Lopper, J. (2007, October 23). Development of Personal Values. Retrieved from http://www. suite101. com/content/development-of-personal-values-a33585